East Sarajevo City
East Sarajevo City is a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina and de jure capital of the Serb Republic entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina adjacent to Bosnia and Herzegovinas capital Sarajevo to its northeast. East Sarajevo consists of the pre-war part of Sarajevo now in the Serb Republic entity and newly built areas. At about 1450 km2, it is one of the biggest cities in the Balkans in terms of territory.
The de jure capital of the Serb Republic entity is (East) Sarajevo. However, the de facto capital of the Serb Republic entity is Banja Luka which is the government seat.
The first civilian government in the territory of East Sarajevo was formed at the parliamentary session in the building of the local community Lukaviza late summer of 1992. The commission organized by the Serbian municipality of New Sarajevo, headed by a Commissioner of the Presidency of the Serb Republic doctor Dragan Djokanovich, was held the Municipal Assembly of Serb New Sarajevo , consisting of the members of Serbian nationality, pre-war Sarajevo municipality of Novo Sarajevo. Invited members, elected in multiparty elections 1990th, elected municipal government.
Geography and climate
East Sarajevo lies in the Sarajevo valley, in the middle of the Dinaric Alps. The city is surrounded by heavily forested hills and five major mountains. The highest of the surrounding peaks is Treskaviza at 2,088 meters (6,850 ft), then Bjelashniza at 2,067 meters (6,781 ft), Jahorina at 1,913 meters (6,276 ft), Trebevich at 1,627 meters (5,338 ft), with 1,502 meters (4,928 ft) Igman being the shortest. Last four are also known as Olympics mountains of Sarajevo (see also 1984 Winter Olympics Games in Sarajevo).
The Željeznica river is one of the city's chief geographic features. It flows through the city from south through the Trnovo, Chijevo, Krupac and Vojkovichi, parts of East Sarajevo to west part of city and Sarajevo City where eventually meets up with the Bosna river.
East Sarajevo has a mild continental climate, lying between the climate zones of central Europe to the north and the Mediterranean to the south. The average yearly temperature is 9.5 °C, with January (-1.3 °C avg.) being the coldest month of the year and July (19.1 °C avg.) the warmest. The highest recorded temperature was 40.0 °C on 19 August 1946, while the lowest recorded temperature was −26.4 °C on 25 January 1942. On average, East Sarajevo has 68 summer days per year (temperature greater than or equal to 30.0 °C). The city typically experiences mildly cloudy skies, with an average yearly cloud cover of 59%. The cloudiest month is December (75% average cloud cover) while the clearest is August (37%). Moderate precipitation occurs fairly consistently throughout the year, with an average 170 days of rainfall. Suitable climatic conditions have allowed winter sports to flourish in the region, as exemplified by the Winter Olympics in 1984 that were celebrated in Sarajevo.
It was previously known as Serbian Sarajevo but the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina adjudicated its name change.
The last census in Bosnia and Herzegovina was carried out in 1991. Most commonly stated estimates suggest about 100,000 inhabitants reside in Eastern Sarajevo, which is an increase from 1991 owing in large part to the creation and inclussion of new municipalities which form East Sarajevo. Also, many Serbian refugees from Sarajevo's other municipalities moved to the suburban settlements of Lukaviza, Dobrinja, Kasindo, Kotoraz and Pale.
The municipalities of East Sarajevo are:
- East Ilidža (population 20,000)
- East New Sarajevo (population 20,000)
- East Old Town (population 3185)
- Pale (population 30,000)
- Sokolac (population 15500)
- Trnovo (population 3895)
The city of East Sarajevo is the administrative, industrial, commercial, financial and cultural center of the eastern part of Serb Republic. The position of East Sarajevo is strategically important, located near the biggest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, City of Sarajevo. East Sarajevo is easily accessible, having an airport close to the city- Sarajevo International Airport and being a point of intersection of numerous roads.
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